Sunday, 29 April 2012

Famous Punjabis before 1947, Part 1: Sardar Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan

The most Right Honourable Capt (r) Sardar Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan, KBE, KCSI etc (1892-1942) was probably one of the greatest Punjabis in modern times, in the true great mould of the ancient and old glorious leaders of the Punjabi people, such as Raja Porus who defied Alexander the Macedonian, Maharaja Ranjit Singh who wrought out the Sikh Khalsa Kingdom  of Punjab and Raja (later Maharaja) Gulab Singh, Dogra, of  Kashmir and Jammu, who established his own semi-independent rule --all great men of action, and true sons of this soil.

Honble Sardar Sir Sikandar Hayat was the son of  Nawab Muhammad Hayat Khan, CSI, of Wah, a small but very beautiful village in the Northern Punjab , now area of Attock district of Pakistani Punjab. The old name of this village, settled by the noble ancestors of Sir Sikandar, was 'Jalalsar' (after the name of Sardar Jalal Khan) but later the Mughal Emperor Jahangir visited here en route to spend hus summer holidays in the magical vale of Kashmir; and seeing this beautiful location on his way, where he stopped , he said 'Wah!' (Great/Splendid/Superb) --and thus the name was forever changed in history. Later, Jahangir's son, Shah Jahan, built a delightful garden here , with running springs of water and silver and gold fish swimming in calm  lakes and this place became a 'pleasure garden' of the Mughals and the ancestors of Sir Sikandar, chiefs and Sardars of 'Wah' became official custodians of these gardens, and were further enobled over the ages.

Sir Sikandar's family, Hayats of  Wah, are a famous family of Punjab, feudal aristocrats and landlords, and they originally belong to ''KHATTAR' tribe of this area. About the noble and warlike Khattars, there are many stories and tales, and many later embelishments and strange fictitious accounts etc. Some say they are 'Arabs' (relative of Awan tribe of Punjab), some say they are 'Afghans' or 'Pashtuns' (Pathans in India) , some say they are Jatts, like many indigenous races of  this Land of  Five Rivers, and some even claim  they are 'Turkish' people. The ancient history is covered in many veils and sagas and the saga is very very long and ancient. However, briefly, in truth, as all pedigrees and genuine old records show and prove to us, the Khattars are in fact Rajputs by origin, descended from  'Chauhan' or 'Chohan' , a major branch or clan of the Rajputs. Prior to 1890s and early 1900s,  this account of the true origins prevailed --but later on, when some Muslim  Khattars became ashamed of their true roots and wished to be believed as 'Invader Muslims', they began to adopt a fictitious account of their basis.

Luckily, some of the true old accounts of  Khattars still survive in old volumes and archives.  And especially those of some major or main families of the tribe, also noted down and translated by early British officers in Punjab. Here, now, below, is given probably one of the earliest-preserved and translated accounts of the Hayat Khattar Family of  WAH; as recorded by (a) Colonel Hall and (b) later pedigrees and notices uptil 1947 or 1948.


Original Pedigree and Genealogy of the Hayat, Khattar Family of Wah, as per the Account Given to Col. CH Hall, by Mullah Sarwar, Genealogist to Sardar (later Nawab) Muhammad Hayat Khan, 1866 and duly recorded at the Residence of the Sardar, in his company, in October of that year.

1.      Chauhan (or Chohan) Agnivanshi Rajput, Remote Progenitor –probably of Hun/Central Asian ancestry who came via Kashmir and settled with his clan/tribe in various parts of the areas that were later Punjab, UP and Rajputana.

    (Several generations)

2.      Rai Shiv Dayal Chauhan (came from Kashmir or upper/hills of Punjab and settled at Bagh Nilab, near Indus River, c. 1750 AD)

    (Several generations)

3.      Rai Kishan Dayal

4.      Rai Har Dayal

5.      Rai Ram Dayal

6.      Had two (2) sons, Rai Sukh Dayal (supposedly remote ancestor of Tiwanas, Noons etc) and Rai or Raja Jai Dayal (direct line)

7.      Raja Jiwan (son of Raja Jai Dayal)

8.      Raja Mahinder

9.      Raja Gajinder

10.  Raja Rajinder

11.  Raja Harnarain

12.  Raja Badrinath

13.  Had two (2) sons, Raja Dayanand who via his descendant Raja/Rai Alyas, was progenitor of the Ghebas, Jodhras etc; and Raja Raghunand (direct line)

14.  Raja Kaidarnath (alias ‘Kaidu Raja’ or ‘Khattar Raja’) son of Raja Raghunand, converted to Islam around 11th-12th AD, and received title of ‘KHATTAR KHAN’. All Khattars today, Muslim, Hindu and Sikh, descended from him, in Pakistan and India and elsewhere.

15.   Khattar Raja/Khattar Khan had 6 sons, and they divided into two (2) groups (a) KALA SECTION (led by Kalay Khan) and (b) CHITTA SECTION  or ‘FEROZAL’ SECTION (led by Feroz Khan)

16.  From Chitta/Ferozal Section over the next many generations, with frequent inter-marriages and inter-relations with various Afghan, Persian and Turki (Turkish/Central Asian) settlers, was RAJA SARBULAND KHAN , who received also the title of ‘Sardar’ and was also known as ‘Sardar Sarbuland Khan’.

(From line of Sarbuland Khan)

17.  Said Ahmad Khan

18.  Ghazan Khan

19.  Jamal Khan (founded village of ‘Jalalsar’ after his son, now ‘Wah’)

20.  Jalal Khan (lived under the reign of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir)

21.  Had two sons, Inayat Khan and Habeeb Khan; and from Habeeb Khan are:

22.  Kamil Khan and Ghazi Khan; and from Kamil Khan:

23.  Shah Wali Khan (also known as ‘Shah Wali Mansabdar’ as he was in Mughal service and enjoyed ‘Mansab’ or rank of Haft-Hazari, commander over 7000); and from him:

    (3-4 generations)

24.  Several sons, (a) Sardar Karam Khan (b) Hassan Khan (c) Fatteh Khan (d) Kaim Khan and (e) Noor Khan. Sardar Karam Khan was murdered by his half-brother, Fatteh Khan; and he too was later murdered by Fatteh Khan, Khattar of Dharek. The sons of late Sardar Karam Khan are as follows;

25.  (a) Gulab Khan (b) Bahadur Khan (c) SARDAR MUHAMMAD HAYAT KHAN, ASST. COMMISSIONER (THE MAIN SUBJECT OF THIS PEDIGREE) born: 1833/34; (d) Ghulam Khan’ and (e) Sikandar Khan.

-------------------- Ends Here--------------------

Subsequent Pedigree from Sardar (later Nawab) Muhammad Hayat Khan, CSI, of Wah (until 1947-48)

26.  Nawab Muhammad Hayat Khan (1833/34-1901) had many children from various wives and concubines, and from his Senior Wife, Begum Zainab Khanam, daughter of Ghulam Jilani, Ansari, employee and minister of Kapurthala State, he had the following sons: (a) Nawabzada Muhammad Aslam Hayat Khan (died 1924); (b) Sardar Mahmood Hayat Khan (died 1910) (c) Khan-Bahadur (later Nawab-Bahadur) Sir Liaquat Hayat Khan, ex-Prime Minister of Patiala State, British Punjab  (1887-1948) (d) Sardar Ghairat Hayat Khan (died 1911); and (e) CAPT ® SARDAR SIR SIKANDAR HAYAT KHAN, KBE, KCSI etc , former Premier of the Punjab (1892-1942)—the noblest and most distinguished of the sons of his notable father and the most brilliant of the scions of Khattar race, the true pride of all Punjabis, Hindu, Muslim or Sikh.

  27. Some details of Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan’s sons (5) are:
(a)   Major ® Sardar Shaukat Hayat Khan (born 1915) , a most prominent Muslim Leaguer of Punjab;

(b)   Major Sardar Azmat Hayat Khan (born 1921), of the 4/12 Frontier Force Regiment (old 54th Sikhs), serving in the Pakistan Army now.

(c)    Sardar Riffat Hayat Khan (born 1926);

(d)   Sardar Izzet Hayat Khan (born 1929);

(e)   Sardar Ghairat Hayat Khan (born 1932).

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(Subsequent offspring of the above, in Pakistan)

This,  then, is the true and most noble account of this puissant and ancient household of  Khattar Rajputs--and of its most famous scion, Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan, more will be said in the next part.

1 comment:

  1. Very good and very accurate historical account. Like the Awans, Khokhars, Gakkhars etc, in fact Khattars are also an old and true Punjabi tribe. They are most probably of Kashatrya Hindu origins.